Ukraine and Russia , the organisations mentioned in this article are all “party” authorities which do not belong to the European Union or the Council of Europe; these organisations are therefore involved in efforts against fraud which fall outside the scope of the EU and the Council of Europe’s criminal procedures, such as the transfer of embezzled money to offshore accounts, and the prostitution of state assets.
On 22 September 2010, a new group of structures was created under the leadership of Sergey Lavrov. As reported by OCCRP, the new structure will include: On 21 January 2012, a group of 28 entities was listed by the Latvian public prosecutor, headed by a senior prosecutor. It included: In 2012–13 the Latvian authorities pursued multiple criminal investigations, culminating in the conviction of over 40 high-level officials and businessmen, including some of the former country’s richest men. In February 2013, Sergejs B. Tkachenko, the Minister of Transport, was found guilty of accepting a bribe of $4.2 million. He was also accused of embezzling an estimated $25 million from the funds earmarked for the construction of the Riga-Berlin motorway. The same year, the Latvian Police detained three foreign nationals for suspected money laundering: Russian national Vladimir Aleksandrovich Petrishenko, Japanese citizen Koyoshi Tsurumi, and Brazilian-Chinese businessman Willian Nvetseneu. Lavrov has admitted he was the author of a letter which originated from the leadership of the “school for war”.